Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665), though born in France, spent the last years of his life in Rome. His wife, Anne-Marie, predeceased him there, dying of tuberculosis in November 1664.
My own approximate translation of the 1842 poem "Der Knabe im Moor" by Annette von Droste-Hülshoff (1797-1848).
An expatriate Rhinelander, the poet Heinrich a.k.a. Harry Heine died and was buried in Paris in 1856.